Zolotov V.A. (FAE «The 25th State Research Institute of Himmotology of Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation»)
Экологические аспекты применения смазочных масел и альтернативных источников энергии на пути совершенствования транспортного сектора мировой экономики
Keywords: transport, electric vehicle, toxicity, fuel economy, automotive engine oils, lubricants, oil viscosity, engine.
The article presents some features of new technologies in the field of improving transport and its inherent environmental aspects of the use of lubricating oils and alternative energy sources in modern conditions of development of the global economy. Transport enjoys a predominant share in the consumption of lubricants in the world market and in fact about 57 % of the world production volume is used in this sector of the economy.
In accordance with global trends, the design development of traditional reciprocating internal combustion engines is carried out in conjunction with the development and implementation of environmental requirements for them in the largest economies in the world — European Union standards (Euro-7), India (Bharat Stage VI — the equivalent of Euro-6 standard) and China (China 6 is a more stringent version of the Euro-6 standard), aimed at reducing exhaust emissions. Actual additions to the SAE J300 classification include relatively low kinematic viscosity of oils, which allows engine manufacturers to meet the requirements of environmental standards that regulate emission of particles with exhaust gases and fuel economy — reducing fuel consumption.
The advent of electric vehicles is having an increasing impact on transport and energy infrastructure. This long-term trend will also affect the manufacturing sector, where demand for traditional lubricants is expected to decline. The transport market today is making progress towards reducing carbon dioxide emissions and increasing fuel economy. Despite this, further investments by the automotive industry in improving the design of piston engines around the world are declining, and the supply of new engines for car manufacturers after 2021 is predictably reduced.
1. LUBES’ N’GREASES Factbook 2019 – 2020. Found at https: pubs. lubesngreases.com/factbook/Lubricants-Industry-Factbook-2285-1.html.
2. Zolotov V. A. Global requirements for operational properties of modern motor oils [Global, nye trebovaniya k expluatatsionnym svoystvam sovremennykh motornykh masel]. Mir nefteproduktov. Vestnik neftyanykh kompaniy – World of oil products. The Oil Companies, Bulletin, 2018, no. 5, p. 34-40.
3. M. Robinet. ICE sourcing opportunities throttle down. Automotive Engineering, — 2019, — №4, р. 6
4. J. Rensselar. The tribology of electric vehicles. Tribology & Lubrication Technology, — 2019, — 75 (1), — pp. 34 – 43.
5. B. Kamchev. Consultant: Hybrids will need Group III+. Lube report. More from Lube & Greases, 24 dec. 2019, v. 2, iss. 52.
6. N. Canter. How will the growing use of plug-in electric vehicles affect the power grid? Tribology & Lubrication Technology, — 2018, — 74(4), — pp. 12 – 13.
7. M. Muratori. Impact of uncoordinated plug-in electric vehicle charging on residential power demand. Nature Energy, — 2018, — DOI 10. 1038 / s41560-017-0074-z.
8. STLE Emerging Issues and Trends in Tribology and Lubrication Engineering. 2020 report.
9. G. Gill. Survey Says EVs Will Spur Big Trends. Lube report. More from Lube & Greases, 27 may. 2020, v. 3, iss. 22.
10. N. Canter. Emerging technologies advance traditional condition monitoring techniques. Tribology & Lubrication Technology, — 2019, -75 (12), — рр. 26 – 36.
11. Komarova V., Malyarenko E. https://www.rbc.ru/business/04/05/2018/ 5aebfadd9a7947be1fe51cf4.